Feb 232009
 

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Nginx (pronounced "engine x") is a free, open-source, high-performance HTTP server and reverse proxy, as well as an IMAP/POP3 proxy server. Written by Igor Sysoev in 2005, Nginx now hosts between 1% and 4% of all domains worldwide .Nginx is known for its stability, rich feature set, simple configuration, and low resource consumption.
Basic HTTP features:

Handling of static files, index files, and autoindexing; open file descriptor cache;
Accelerated reverse proxying without caching; simple load balancing and fault tolerance;
Accelerated support without caching of remote FastCGI servers; simple load balancing and fault tolerance;
Modular architecture. Filters include gzipping, byte ranges, chunked responses, XSLT, and SSI. Multiple SSI inclusions within a single page can be processed in parallel if they are handled by FastCGI or proxied servers.
SSL and TLS SNI support.

Mail proxy server features:

User redirection to IMAP/POP3 backend using an external HTTP authentication server;
User authentication using an external HTTP authentication server and connection redirection to internal SMTP backend;
Authentication methods:
POP3: USER/PASS, APOP, AUTH LOGIN/PLAIN/CRAM-MD5;
IMAP: LOGIN, AUTH LOGIN/PLAIN/CRAM-MD5;
SMTP: AUTH LOGIN/PLAIN/CRAM-MD5;
SSL support;
STARTTLS and STLS support

Other HTTP features:

name- and IP-based virtual servers;
keep-alive and pipelined connections support;
flexible configuration;
reconfiguration and online upgrade without interruption of the client processing;
access log formats, bufferred log writing, and quick log rotation;
4xx-5xx error codes redirection;
rewrite module;
access control based on client IP address and HTTP Basic authentication;
PUT, DELETE, MKCOL, COPY and MOVE methods;
FLV streaming;
speed limitation;
limitation of simultaneous connections or requests from one address.

Experimental features:

embedded perl.

At the time of writing, the latest stable version is 0.6.35 and if you need more information check nginx main site http://nginx.net/

Preparing your system

First letus install some required packages

sudo aptitude install libpcre3 libpcre3-dev libpcrecpp0 libssl-dev zlib1g-dev

Download latest stable version from here or using the following command

#wget http://sysoev.ru/nginx/nginx-0.6.35.tar.gz

Now you have nginx-0.6.35.tar.gz file unpack this file using the following command

#tar -zvxf nginx-0.6.35.tar.gz

cd nginx-0.6.35

Now you need to start installation so for this you need to check what options you want to use from here http://wiki.codemongers.com/NginxInstallOptions

In this installation we are using only two options --sbin-path and --with-http_ssl_module

./configure --sbin-path=/usr/local/sbin --with-http_ssl_module

After completion of installation you should see similar to the following details which are very useful make a note of them

nginx path prefix: "/usr/local/nginx"
nginx binary file: "/usr/local/sbin"
nginx configuration file: "/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"

Start Nginx using the following command

#/usr/local/sbin/nginx

Now you can navigate your web browser and point the follow url

http://yourserverip

You should see welcome to nginx message

If you want nginx startup script download from here in to the /etc/init.d directory

Now you need to make scipt executable

#chmod +x /etc/init.d/nginx

Now we have the base script prepared, we need to add it to the default run levels using the following command

#/usr/sbin/update-rc.d -f nginx defaults

From now you can use the following commands to start,stop and restart nginx.By default nginx will not provide this scripts

#/etc/init.d/nginx start

# /etc/init.d/nginx stop

# /etc/init.d/nginx restart

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 Posted by at 12:05 am

  7 Responses to “Howto install nginx webserver in Debian”

  1. thanks for your acticles , but i find the link is broken.
    http://www.debianadmin.com/images/ngix, cant download the
    nginx startup script.

  2. @I have updated the link now

  3. I tried nginx and liked it, but I wanted to run apache with php5 support, for myphpadmin.

  4. why the package is not installed from debian repositories? It’s configure with ssl support, too

    Bye

  5. Thanks! I have nginx installed on my server! In 10 minutes…

  6. For those of you that needs a source install, I’ve come up with a script to automatically download, configure, build and install Nginx from source :)

    All scripts and config files are stored at gist.github.com.

    Take a look, I’d appreciate your feedback.

    http://scottbarr.blogspot.com/2010/01/install-nginx-from-source-on-debian.html

  7. How to install pureftpd, mysql on nginx+debian?

    thanks

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