Sep 172006
 

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Checking your Linux host name

First, see if your host name is set correclty using the following commands:

#uname -n
#hostname -a
#hostname -s
#hostname -d
#hostname -f
#hostname

If the above commands return correctly with no errors then all may be well; however, you may want to read on to verify that all settings are correct.

Normally we will set the hostname of a system during the installation process.

Change the hostname on a running Linux system

On any Linux system you can change its hostname with the command ‘hostname‘.

#hostname

without any parameter it will output the current hostname of the system.

#hostname --fqd

it will output the fully qualified domain name (or FQDN) of the system.

#hostname NEW_NAME

will set the hostname of the system to NEW_NAME. This is active right away and will remain like that until the system will be rebooted (because at system boot it will set this from some particular file configurations -- see bellow how to set this permanently). You will most probably need to exit the current shell in order to see the change in your shell prompt.

Permanent hostname change on Debian based Linux systems

Debian based systems use the file /etc/hostname to read the hostname of the system at boot time and set it up using the init script /etc/init.d/hostname.sh

#cat /etc/hostname

debianadmin

So on a Debian based system we can edit the file /etc/hostname and change the name of the system and then run

/etc/init.d/hostname.sh startto make the change active. The hostname saved in this file (/etc/hostname) will be preserved on system reboot (and will be set using the same script we used hostname.sh).

If you want more details check hostname man page

Use sysctl to change the hostname

use sysctl to change the variable kernel.hostname:

Use:

#sysctl kernel.hostname

to read the current hostname, and

#sysctl kernel.hostname=NEW_HOSTNAME

to change it.

If you want more details check sysctl man page

You can use the same process for all debian based distributions and other linux machines

also.

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 Posted by at 11:50 am
  • debian-admin

    Shouldn’t that be:
    hostname –fqdn ?

    (or hostname -f).

  • Ricky

    Thanks… very useful information.

  • http://www.zombieforums.co.uk jam

    hostname -fqd didn’t work…
    I think it should jsut be hostname -f ?

    I may be wrong though..
    But thanks :D

    JAM

  • cmos

    I think that should be hostname –fqdn

  • platypusjh

    Nope. It’s “hostname –fqdn” or “hostname -f”

    Sorry, couldn’t resist since everyone else was nitpicking. :)

    Thanks for the excellent article. Worked like a charm!

  • Sean

    My question is should you put the whole FQDN in the hostname file for a permanent change, or just the hostname itself?

  • Raymond Day

    You have to edit the /etc/host file too. Not just /etc/hostname.

    -Raymond Day

  • http://www.jamsubuntu.blogspot.com Jamie

    Just what I needed :)
    Thanks for this great post!

  • http://nerdistan.wordpress.com Flavus

    Thanks, that what i was looking for.

  • Sam

    also need to change /etc/mailname to the new name.

  • WANA

    The mailname serves a different purpose from that of hostname but in many
    cases their values are the same. For /etc/mailname, dpkg-reconfigure exim4-config should do it.

  • lone

    Thanks, that is what I am looking for. good note for
    /etc/hostname & /etc/hosts

  • Derek S

    By the fully qualified domain name, does that mean like somehting.com or whatever you want the local hostname to be?

  • http://menuer.com Mike

    thanks for the info.. i edit my network file, hosts file and nw when i run the hostname or hostname -f everything points to new name.. but when i telnet my server it shows the old name… wht would be the problem ?

  • http://claimid.com/artm artm

    to summarize:


    #!/bin/sh
    sed s:$(hostname):$1:g /etc/hosts.new
    mv /etc/hosts.new /etc/hosts
    hostaname $1
    hostname > /etc/hostname
    dpkg-reconfigure exim4-config

    This is a useful script to have on a virtual machine template so you can rename new VMs easily.

  • http://claimid.com/artm artm

    hmm… the last command is interactive for no reason. the following is a better script:


    #!/bin/sh

    if [ -z "$1" ] ; then
    exit 1
    fi

    newname=$1
    oldname=$(hostname)

    for file in /etc/hostname,/etc/hosts,/etc/mailname,/etc/exim4/update-exim4.conf.conf ; do
    sed s:${oldname}:${newname}:g ${file}.new && mv ${file}.new ${file}
    done

    hostaname ${newname}

  • http://claimid.com/artm artm

    oops, the filenames should be space separated or /etc/{hostname,hosts,mailname,exim4/update-exim4.conf.conf}. And “bin” shoudn’t be Bin.

  • Tec4ua

    hi,

    thanks for nice and useful info

  • Vivek

    Hi,
    Can two machines in the same network have same hostname with different IPs. If so, how ping is resolved.

  • http://felipe1982.com felipe1982

    need to change DOMAIN NAME (not hostname). How can I do this?

    Mine reads: hostname..domain.tld (i added ‘two dots’ by mistake during install)

  • http://formemyself.wordpress.com Hypnosis

    thanks so very much, had the same idea! btw great site (i love the designing!)

  • http://alexsorokin.ru Alexander

    Thanks for your help!
    will it work fine on next reboot if I just change /etc/host & /etc/hostname without restarting hostname service?

  • dunk

    i tried to install iredmail on my laptop. obviously, my laptop now work as server..im green in using unix based OS…start using it a few month ago…could someone plis help me…really need a very detail explanation….TQ guys…

  • http://www.kalantasgardens.com Kalantas Gardens

    This is very good information. Thanks!

    @atm: I like your script. I’m just not very confident about how to go about using scripts. I believe there’s something missing in your information…I’m very newbie about this — what file to save the script — does the sed command part of the script file? or do I execute the command in the prompt….

    Thanks

  • http://@marcellobo Marcellobo

    Note !

    vi or nano /etc/hostname

    perfect !

  • http://imm.web.id Imam Suharjo

    We have debian server, sometime our web (umbyogya.com) not accecable (not resolve by other DNS).
    I think there is something error in own Name Server.

    We try Check : hostname –a
    No Result (blank)

    How to correct it?
    thanks