NAME
ftp - A File Transfer Protocol client
DESCRIPTION
The ftp module implements a client for file transfer according to a subset of the File Transfer Protocol (see RFC 959).

The following is a simple example of an ftp session, where the user guest with password password logs on to the remote host erlang.org, and where the file appl.erl is transferred from the remote to the local host. When the session is opened, the current directory at the remote host is /home/guest, and /home/fred at the local host. Before transferring the file, the current local directory is changed to /home/eproj/examples, and the remote directory is set to /home/guest/appl/examples.


1>{ok, Pid} = ftp:open("erlang.org").

{ok,<0.22.0>}
2>ftp:user(Pid, "guest", "password").

ok
3>ftp:pwd(Pid).

{ok, "/home/guest"}
4>ftp:cd(Pid, "appl/examples").

ok
5>ftp:lpwd(Pid).

{ok, "/home/fred"}.
6>ftp:lcd(Pid, "/home/eproj/examples").

ok
7>ftp:recv(Pid, "appl.erl").

ok
8>ftp:close(Pid).

ok

In addition to the ordinary functions for receiving and sending files (see recv/2, recv/3, send/2 and send/3) there are functions for receiving remote files as binaries (see recv_bin/2) and for sending binaries to to be stored as remote files (see send_bin/3).

There is also a set of functions for sending and receiving contiguous parts of a file to be stored in a remote file (for send see send_chunk_start/2, send_chunk/2 and send_chunk_end/1 and for receive see recv_chunk_start/2 and recv_chunk/).

The particular return values of the functions below depend very much on the implementation of the FTP server at the remote host. In particular the results from ls and nlist varies. Often real errors are not reported as errors by ls, even if for instance a file or directory does not exist. nlist is usually more strict, but some implementations have the peculiar behaviour of responding with an error, if the request is a listing of the contents of directory which exists but is empty.



EXPORTS
account(Pid,Account) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
Account = string()
Reason = eacct | econn

If an account is needed for an operation set the account with this operation.

append(Pid, LocalFile [, RemoteFile]) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
LocalFile = RemoteFile = string()
Reason = epath | elogin | econn | etnospc | epnospc | efnamena

Transfers the file LocalFile to the remote server. If RemoteFile is specified, the name of the remote file that the file will be appended to is set to RemoteFile; otherwise the name is set to LocalFile If the file does not exists the file will be created.

append_bin(Pid, Bin, RemoteFile) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
Bin = binary()()
RemoteFile = string()
Reason = epath | elogin | enotbinary | econn | etnospc | epnospc | efnamena

Transfers the binary Bin to the remote server and append it to the file RemoteFile. If the file does not exists it will be created.

append_chunk(Pid, Bin) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
Bin = binary()
Reason = elogin | echunk | enotbinary | econn

Transfer the chunk Bin to the remote server, which append it into the file specified in the call to append_chunk_start/2.

Note that for some errors, e.g. file system full, it is neccessery to to call append_chunk_end to get the proper reason.

append_chunk_start(Pid, File) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
File = string()
Reason = epath | elogin | econn

Start the transfer of chunks for appending to the file File at the remote server. If the file does not exists it will be created.

append_chunk_end(Pid) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
Reason = elogin | echunk | econn | etnospc | epnospc | efnamena

Stops transfer of chunks for appending to the remote server. The file at the remote server, specified in the call to append_chunk_start/2 is closed by the server.

cd(Pid, Dir) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
Dir = string()
Reason = epath | elogin | econn

Changes the working directory at the remote server to Dir.

close(Pid) -> ok


Types
Pid = pid()

Ends the ftp session.

delete(Pid, File) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
File = string()
Reason = epath | elogin | econn

Deletes the file File at the remote server.

formaterror(Tag) -> string()


Types
Tag = {error, atom()} | atom()

Given an error return value {error, Reason}, this function returns a readable string describing the error.

lcd(Pid, Dir) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
Dir = string()
Reason = epath

Changes the working directory to Dir for the local client.

lpwd(Pid) -> {ok, Dir}


Types
Pid = pid()

Returns the current working directory at the local client.

ls(Pid [, Dir]) -> {ok, Listing} | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
Dir = string()
Listing = string()
Reason = epath | elogin | econn

Returns a listing of the contents of the remote current directory (ls/1) or the specified directory (ls/2). The format of Listing is operating system dependent (on UNIX it is typically produced from the output of the ls -l shell command).

mkdir(Pid, Dir) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
Dir = string()
Reason = epath | elogin | econn

Creates the directory Dir at the remote server.

nlist(Pid [, Dir]) -> {ok, Listing} | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
Dir = string()
Listing = string()
Reason = epath | elogin | econn

Returns a listing of the contents of the remote current directory (nlist/1) or the specified directory (nlist/2). The format of Listing is a stream of file names, where each name is separated by <CRLF> or <NL>. Contrary to the ls function, the purpose of nlist is to make it possible for a program to automatically process file name information.

open(Host [, Port] [, Flags]) -> {ok, Pid} | {error, Reason}
open({option_list,Option_list}) -> {ok, Pid} | {error, Reason}


Types
Host = string() | ip_address()
ip_address() = {byte(), byte(), byte(), byte()}
byte() = 0 | 1 | ... | 255
Port = integer()
Flags = [Flag]
Flag = verbose | debug
Pid = pid()
Reason = ehost
Option_list=[Options]
Options={host, Host}|{port, Port}|{flags, Flags}|{timeout, Timeout}
Timeout=integer()

Opens a session with the ftp server at Host. The argument Host is either the name of the host, its IP address in dotted decimal notation (e.g. "150.236.14.136"), or a tuple of arity 4 (e.g. {150, 236, 14, 136}).

If Port is supplied, a connection is attempted using this port number instead of the default (21).

If the atom verbose is included in Flags, response messages from the remote server will be written to standard output.

The file transfer type is set to binary when the session is opened.

The current local working directory (cf. lpwd/1) is set to the value reported by file:get_cwd/1. the wanted local directory.

The timeout value is default set to 60000 milliseconds.

The return value Pid is used as a reference to the newly created ftp client in all other functions. The ftp client process is linked to the caller.

pwd(Pid) -> {ok, Dir} | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
Reason = elogin | econn

Returns the current working directory at the remote server.

recv(Pid, RemoteFile [, LocalFile]) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
RemoteFile = LocalFile = string()
Reason = epath | elogin | econn

Transfer the file RemoteFile from the remote server to the the file system of the local client. If LocalFile is specified, the local file will be LocalFile; otherwise it will be RemoteFile.

recv_bin(Pid, RemoteFile) -> {ok, Bin} | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
Bin = binary()
RemoteFile = string()
Reason = epath | elogin | econn

Transfers the file RemoteFile from the remote server and receives it as a binary.

recv_chunk_start(Pid, RemoteFile) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
RemoteFile = string()
Reason = epath | elogin | econn

Start transfer of the file RemoteFile from the remote server.

recv_chunk(Pid) -> ok | {ok, Bin} | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
Bin = binary()
Reason = epath | eclosed | econn

Receive a chunk of the remote file (RemoteFile of recv_chunk_start). The return values has the following meaning:

*
ok the transfer is complete.
*
{ok, Bin} just another chunk of the file.
*
{error, Reason} transfer failed.
rename(Pid, Old, New) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
CurrFile = NewFile = string()
Reason = epath | elogin | econn

Renames Old to New at the remote server.

rmdir(Pid, Dir) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
Dir = string()
Reason = epath | elogin | econn

Removes directory Dir at the remote server.

send(Pid, LocalFile [, RemoteFile]) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
LocalFile = RemoteFile = string()
Reason = epath | elogin | econn | etnospc | epnospc | efnamena

Transfers the file LocalFile to the remote server. If RemoteFile is specified, the name of the remote file is set to RemoteFile; otherwise the name is set to LocalFile.

send_bin(Pid, Bin, RemoteFile) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
Bin = binary()()
RemoteFile = string()
Reason = epath | elogin | enotbinary | econn | etnospc | epnospc | efnamena

Transfers the binary Bin into the file RemoteFile at the remote server.

send_chunk(Pid, Bin) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
Bin = binary()
Reason = elogin | echunk | enotbinary | econn

Transfer the chunk Bin to the remote server, which writes it into the file specified in the call to send_chunk_start/2.

Note that for some errors, e.g. file system full, it is neccessery to to call send_chunk_end to get the proper reason.

send_chunk_start(Pid, File) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
File = string()
Reason = epath | elogin | econn

Start transfer of chunks into the file File at the remote server.

send_chunk_end(Pid) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
Reason = elogin | echunk | econn | etnospc | epnospc | efnamena

Stops transfer of chunks to the remote server. The file at the remote server, specified in the call to send_chunk_start/2 is closed by the server.

type(Pid, Type) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
Type = ascii | binary
Reason = etype | elogin | econn

Sets the file transfer type to ascii or binary. When an ftp session is opened, the transfer type is set to binary.

user(Pid, User, Password) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
User = Password = string()
Reason = euser | econn

Performs login of User with Password.

user(Pid, User, Password,Account) -> ok | {error, Reason}


Types
Pid = pid()
User = Password = string()
Reason = euser | econn

Performs login of User with Passwordto the acccount specified by Account .


ERRORS
The possible error reasons and the corresponding diagnostic strings returned by formaterror/1 are as follows:

echunk:
Synchronisation error during chunk sending.
A call has been made to send_chunk/2 or send_chunk_end/1, before a call to send_chunk_start/2; or a call has been made to another transfer function during chunk sending, i.e. before a call to send_chunk_end/1.

eclosed:
The session has been closed.
econn:
Connection to remote server prematurely closed.
ehost:
Host not found, FTP server not found, or connection rejected by FTP server.
elogin:
User not logged in.
enotbinary:
Term is not a binary.
epath:
No such file or directory, or directory already exists, or permission denied.
etype:
No such type.
euser:
User name or password not valid.
etnospc:
Insufficient storage space in system [452].
epnospc:
Exceeded storage allocation (for current directory or dataset) [552].
efnamena:
File name not allowed [553].